Types of fracture

Closed    Where skin is unbroken

Open      External would leading to fracture site.  The bone may be protruding.

Treatment for closed fracture

Upper limbs:

    • support in a comfortable position

    • arrange transport to hospital according to severity

Lower limbs:

    • do not move unless in imminent danger

    • Do not attempt to straighten limbs.

    • Call for ambulance

Treatment for open fracture

    • DO NOT move the casualty until the injured part is secure unless he is in danger

    • DO NOT let the casualty have anything to eat or drink

    • If you can, get help to support the limb while you work on the wound

    • Secure the dressing and padding, bandage firmly, but not so tightly that the circulation is impeded

    • Dial 999 for an ambulance

    • Treat for shock

    • Check circulation every 10 mins

    • Do not touch the exposed bone

    • Be careful not to let cotton wool touch the wound

For open and closed fractures be prepared to treat for shock


Where spinal or neck injury is suspected do not move the casualty unless life is threatened and Keep the head still

Call for ambulance and reassure

NEXT - First Aid Kit                                                                                                                       Back