Burns

BURNS

 

 

 

SHOCK IS THE BIGGEST DANGER WHICH CAN DEVELOP - EVEN WITH SUNBURN

 

INFECTION IS THE BIGGEST RISK

 

 

Types of burns

 

 

Superficial(EG mild Sunburn)

 

• No blistering

• Only damage to top layer of skin (Epidermis)

• Usually heal in 3 – 6 days

• Hospitalization only for SHOCK, FEVER, DEHYDRATION OR SEVERE PAIN

 

Intermediate

 

• Burns to all epidermis (top layer of skin) and some portion of the dermis

• They will blister or appear white, under the blister they are red and moist

 

Deep

 

• A full thickness burn destroys the epidermis and dermis.

• They are dry with a dark brown or leathery appearance

• Most full thickness burns are more than 3cm in diameter

 

 

TREATMENT OF BURNS

 

• If burn is bigger than 'hand' size get casualty to hospital

 

• Remove the source of burn

 

• Do not remove burnt on clothing

 

• Cool with water for 10 / 20 minutes

 

• Cover with sterile dressing (eg cling film / plastic bag)

 

• Treat for shock

 

• Urgent medical aid

 

• No creams, oils etc...

 

 

Other types of burns:

 

Chemical

Electrical

 

 

NEXT - Fractures Back